Tom Hardy in Venom (2018)The latest installation in the Marvel franchise is the story of a journalist named Eddie Brock whose goal is to take down the corrupt Carlton Drake, the founder of the Life Foundation. However, after overstepping his boundaries, he loses his job. Six months later, he learns that Carlton Drake is using symbiotes and testing them on innocent bystanders, killing them in the process. Eddie is then infused with an alien symbiote that takes over his body as he becomes a superhuman with immense strength and power. Now it’s up to Eddie and Venom to stop Drake from destroying the planet.

For those unfamiliar with Venom, he’s a villain from the Spider-Man franchise who we originally saw in the poorly made “Spider-Man 3” back in 2007. He’s much more uniquely designed here with his long tongue, sharp teeth, wide eyes and a deep dark voice that’s much more menacing and cunning than expected. When comparing Venom here to his appearance in “Spider-Man 3”, this is the more superior role.

Venom’s scenes can be quite fun, and the action can be thrilling at times. However, those elements don’t tend to stay consistent throughout the entire movie and at times they can even be bland. One scene shows Venom and Eddie fighting off a squad of NYPD SWAT officers and it feels more like a cut away scene in a video game than a movie.

Tom Hardy did as well he could with the material given to him in this role. It’s clear from films like “The Revenant” that he can act, but this definitely isn’t his greatest performance. He is convincing enough as Eddie, but he would have been able to put his acting talents to a bigger test if the writing wasn’t so flat and unoriginal.

What would have helped “Venom” stay consistently engaging is an R-rating. Many were hoping for gritty, raunchy, and super violent movie about a man struggling with a parasite that he can’t get rid of. Not to sound sadistic, but more blood and decapitated heads would have made the film much more enjoyable. Instead, “Venom” attempted to be both dark and light-hearted at the same time, leading to inconsistent tones. We jump from a gritty scene of a little girl with a symbiote to a comical scene of Eddie attempting to fight off Venom.

There is a good movie here somewhere, but many improvements were needed to make it one of the better Marvel films. With the success of “Deadpool” and “Logan”, “Venom” would have been more original and entertaining if it were more like those films. Hopefully Marvel will make this change for the inevitable sequel.

Rated PG-13 for intense sequences of sci-fi violence and action, and for language

A Star is Born

Bradley Cooper and Lady Gaga in A Star Is Born (2018)Everybody knows Bradley Cooper can act and Lady Gaga can sing, but what people don’t know is that they are both able to sing and act. They showcase their talents in the newest remake of “A Star is Born”, the story of a talented singer named Ally who meets and falls in love with a famous country musician named Jackson Maine. It’s love at first sigh when he sees her performing “La Vie En Rose” in a drag bar. When he meets her backstage, they go for a drink and their talents and passions merge to form one of the most realistic romantic couples on screen. Ally becomes famous through her singing talents and songwriting abilities, but as her career sky-rockets, the same isn’t necessarily true for their relationship.

Cooper brilliantly plays Jack in the most ranged performance of his career. It is clear from watching “Silver Linings Playbook” and “American Sniper” that he can act, but this is the first role where he combines his musical talents with his acting talents. He can sing just as well as any of the country music stars you hear on the radio and apparently the guy knows his way around a guitar as well. After taking over a year of guitar lessons to prepare for the role, he basically became a country star. Jack’s music on stage makes us forget that its Bradley Cooper up there singing and performing “Black Eyes” and “Maybe its Time”.

As amazing as Cooper is, Lady Gaga steals the show with both her voice and her eyes. She acts with her eyes in every scene with Cooper, making for a realistic couple with perfect chemistry. When an actor can do that while conveying emotion, that is talent at its finest. Her performance is her best as well, which will surely give her more opportunities for roles like this. She has acted in a few things here and there and even performed in a few seasons of “American Horror Story”, but this is the first time where she was truly able to put her acting talents to the fullest test, and she passed.

What’s even more impressive is that “A Star is Born” is the directorial debut of Bradley Cooper. After seeing this film, it would seem as though Cooper directed many films before, but that’s not the case. Cooper is clearly a talented director and one that will hopefully make more films in the future.

This is the fourth adaptation of “A Star is Born”. It can be easy to shrug off remakes as lazy and uninventive, but this film is anything but that. It’s a self-aware film with incredible talent behind it. The acting, music, direction and costume design all shine as some of the best we’ve seen in years.

Rated R for language throughout, some sexuality/nudity and substance abuse

The Favourite

Rachel Weisz, Emma Stone, and Olivia Colman in The Favourite (2018)“The Favourite” is the newest bizarre feature film from writer/director Yorgos Lanthimos, the man who made the strangely comedic film “The Lobster” and the disturbing revenge story of “The Killing of a Sacred Deer”. Both films are equally weird and have a distinct Lanthimos style to their mood, tones and cinematography. The same can be said about this new love triangle period piece.

In Lanthimos’s “The Favourite” Queen Ann of early eighteenth century England rules along with the help of Lady Sarah, her close friend. The queen soon becomes ill and eventually completely immobile. Due to her illness, she becomes increasingly devastated by her condition to the point where she rolls around in her wheel chair doing very little ruling, while still keeping her bizarre sense of humor and love for bunnies. Once a new servant named Abigail comes to her stead, she charms her, stirring up a mix of jealously and sexual politics.

This is a near perfect film, and one that will likely receive some recognition from the Oscars next winter. From an acting standpoint, the three main roles are superbly well done, with Olivia Colman shining brightest. Colman plays Queen Ann and portrays her unique personality perfectly. We feel for her character as she goes through her illness, and that is all thanks to Colman’s brilliant performance. Sarah is played by Rachel Weisz and Abigail by Emma Stone. Both are incredibly talented actresses, so it’s no wonder they were cast for these roles. But once their characters appear on screen, it is clear from that very moment that these roles were meant for them.

The screenplay here is something to be admired as well. While unlike his previous films, “The Favourite” is not written by Lanthimos, but is still very much his film. The screenplay was impeccably crafted by Deborah Davis and Tony McNamara. The real reason, other than the performances, for the characters’ chemistry is the well written story. We cant help but care and root for certain characters as the story sucks audiences right in and refuses to let them leave until the story ends.

However, the most impressive aspect of this film is Lanthimos’s unique vision of the story. Lanthimos has a very unusual visual style to his films, which remind many movie fans of the works of the late Stanley Kubrick. He has been a clear influence on all his movies, especially “The Favourite”. This film reminds many of a more humorous and female led version of Kubrick’s “Barry Lyndon” with its time period, costume design, and camera angles and movements.

It seems beforehand that the subject matter is very serious, but “The Favourite” is very much a comedy. Sure, there are many dramatic and even traumatic moments in the film, but the story and characters does make viewers laugh. It’s more of a dark comedy that acts well as a multi-character study.

There are a lot of reasons to love “The Favourite” but all that is important to know is that it’s one of the most well-constructed movies of the year, with lots of talent both in front of the camera and behind. “The Favourite” is a fantastic work of art that pushes the boundaries of camera movements, direction, acting and character work.

Rated R for strong sexual content, nudity and language.

Fall Movie Preview: Suspiria

Suspiria (2018)On November 2nd, director Luca Guadagnino’s next film will be released. The talented director is most well-known for his latest film “Call Me by Your Name”, the beautifully shot and emotionally heartbreaking romance film of 2017. The movie received massive amounts of critical acclaim and plenty of award recognition with the Academy. Given Guadagnino’s talent, the same will likely occur with his upcoming horror remake “Suspiria”. If he can pull off both of these two films, one being a quietly beautiful romance and the other being a terrifying horror film, then he can make just about any story come to life.

The original “Suspiria” from 1977 was directed by Dario Argento, a talented visionary and his terrifying horror movie became a cult classic over the years. “Suspiria” became known as one of the most frightening movies out there, and even to this day, that couldn’t be more accurate. The film was about a young dancer named Susie Bannion who attends a ballet school in Germany. Only, the school is seemingly being run by witches. It’s horrifying in every sense and what makes it so terrifying is the cinematography, vibrant red colors, and score.

While it’s debatable on whether or not “Suspiria” really needed a remake, it still looks as though the new film may actually live up to its predecessor. It has been called a “remake” since it was announced but, Guadagnino has stated himself that the plot and characters will still be quite different from the original as Guadagnino’s version is meant to homage the classic, rather than copy it. Many remakes that are made today attempt to top their predecessors, but Guadagnino decided to go in the other respectable direction.

Other than the two trailers that have been released, the details of the film have been pretty hush hush. All we really know for sure is that that some weird and creepy stuff goes down at a dance academy. Based on the trailers, its pretty safe to assume that the visuals and music will be a vital reason for the terror, much like the original. We see lots of disturbing rituals, a few creepy looking figures, and plenty of violence that will surely result in lots of blood.

The film stars Dakota Johnson as Susie Bannion, Tilda Swinton as Madame Blanc, Mia Goth as Sara, Angela Winkler as Miss Tanner, Lutz Ebersdorf as Dr. Jozef Klemperer and Chloe Grace Moretz as Patricia Hingle. While many associate Dakota Johnson with the ‘Fifty Shades” films, its important to note that she is playing a completely different character here, so her talent may actually shine in this role instead. It’s hard to say without having seen the movie, but based on the trailers, this looks like it will be one of her better performances. The remaining cast is quite talented as well, Tilda Swinton in particular. Although many have speculated that she isn’t only plays Madame Blanc. Word has gotten out that she also plays Dr. Jozef Klemperer and that Lutz Ebersdorf isn’t a real actor.  She would have to be wearing some pretty heavy make-up, but it isn’t a crazy theory.

The film premiered at Venice Film Festival last week and audiences were torn. While most agree that it was very well made, some of them weren’t too thrilled with how bizarre it was. Venice audiences either loved it or hated it, which shows signs of the film being like 2017’s “Mother!”, which completely divided audiences in half. Either way, many are looking forward to the film and it looks like it has the potential to even receive some Oscar recognition in the process, hopefully for cinematography, score, production design and more.

Its is difficult to say whether or not “Suspiria” will be commercially successful, as trivial as that is. Fans of the original will surely venture to theaters, but in terms of casual moviegoers, its hard to say. It may turn out to be loved by critics and hated by moviegoers, much like other nonconventional recent horror films like “The Witch”, “The Babadook” and “Hereditary”. However, despite audience’s reactions and critic’s opinions, it will surely be a unique experience and hopefully one that isn’t forgotten.

The Happytime Murders

Melissa McCarthy and Dorien Davies in The Happytime Murders (2018)Imagine you took “Muppets Take Manhattan” and combined it with both “Goodfellas” and “Deadpool”. All are great films, but when put together, it doesn’t stand a chance. Just because you like spaghetti and ice cream, that doesn’t mean you should try them together.

In “The Happytime Murders” a puppet/LAPD detective teams up with an old partner named Connie Edwards (Melissa McCarthy) to track down a murderer who is killing off the former cast of an old classic puppet tv show one by one. In this world, puppets and humans co-exist, only puppets are viewed as second class citizens. As multiple puppets are being viscously murdered, its up to this detective to save as many of the puppets as he can.

It’s a raunchy comedy with very little depth to it, not surprisingly. “The Happytime Murders” feels lifeless from start to finish, with pointless jokes thrown into the mix. All you need to know about the movie is that puppets do naughty things and that supposed to be funny because… they’re puppets. That is the entire purpose of the film. The crass humor may be funny at first, but then it continues to occur over and over again, with no different types of jokes. Every comedic moment in the movie is almost the same, which gets increasingly old as “The Happytime Murders” continues to derail itself scene by scene.

It’s almost as though the writers of the movie just wanted to ruin childhoods by creating an overly violent, crude and shocking puppet movie. The violence and crudeness are definitely there, but in terms of shock, it instead comes out as annoyance. Nobody was expecting Oscar winning puppetry here, but the fact that “The Happytime Murders” is as lifeless as it is, is extremely disappointing.

The only aspect of “The Happytime Murders” that saves it from being the worst film of the year is the Melissa McCarthy and Maya Rudolph duo. After both actresses were on SNL and starred in the hilarious “Bridesmaids” together, they were both then known as some of the funniest comedic actresses working today. Maya Rudolph plays the puppet’s secretary and is actually funny on her own. While its not even close to being the performance of her career, she makes certain parts of the movie tolerable. McCarthy can be funny in this movie here and there, but her scenes alone are still surprisingly underwhelming. However, when teamed with Maya Rudolph, things seem like they’re getting better. That is, until the next dreadful puppet sequence.

Rated R for strong crude and sexual content and language throughout, and some drug material


John David Washington in BlacKkKlansman (2018)Spike Lee’s latest masterpiece “BlacKkKlansman” is the true story of how Ron Stallworth, an African American police officer in Colorado, infiltrated the Klu Klux Klan. Posing as a white supremacist over the phone using his “white voice”, he convinced David Duke and other Klan members that he wanted to join them in the mission to keep whites separate from blacks. When meeting in person, Ron sends Flip Zimmerman (Adam Driver), a white office, to meet with the KKK, pretending to be Ron Stallworth. As he seemingly becomes a part of the Klan, they are able to infiltrate them and dig their way deeper into “the organization”.

“BlacKkKlansman” is full of fantastic performances all around form both the lead cast and the supporting. Ron Stallworth is played superbly by John David Washington in the performance of his career and Adam Driver excellently plays Flip Zimmerman. While Driver has had multiple great performances throughout his career, this is one of his bests, up there with his roles in Jim Jarmusch’s “Paterson” and Martin Scorsese’s “Silence”.

Surprisingly, “BlacKkKlansman” is full of humor and almost works as a comedy on its own. The film takes many hilarious stabs at the KKK and their lack of intelligence, showcasing the stupidity of hatred and racism. While its humorous, it’s definitely more of a dark comedy. At the same time, the events and people portrayed in the film are all real, so Spike Lee’s masterpiece reminds viewers that hatred exists and will likely continue to exist.

Spike Lee’s film is an important one to venture out to the theaters for, especially in today’s political climate. The film makes multiple comparisons to today, showing us how little things have changed. It isn’t the kind of movie to watch if you’re in the mood for a light hearted comedy. While there is plenty of humor, it’s still a heavy film to watch, whether you’re aware of the horrors of racism or not. Spike Lee’s film will likely open the eyes for many to the fact that, despite wishes, not all are created equal.

Some award recognition will surely come to this one and rightfully so. Not only is the film socially and politically vital, it’s also an achievement on a filmmaking standard. The acting, writing, music, costume design etc. are all very well done, making for a film that will likely be remembered for years to come.

Rated R for language throughout, including racial epithets, and for disturbing/violent material and some sexual references 

Crazy Rich Asians

Constance Wu and Henry Golding in Crazy Rich Asians (2018)In “Crazy Rich Asians”, Constance Wu plays Rachel Chu, a young woman who has fallen in love with the famous Nick Young (Henry Golding). Young’s family in Singapore is, as the title suggests, rich beyond belief. Nick and Rachel travel to Singapore for a family wedding where Rachel, unaware of the wealth she is getting into, meets Nick’s entire family, some of which aren’t too welcoming of her presence. Many members of Nick’s family see Rachel as a gold digger, and it’s up to her to gain the respect of Nick’s intimidating and disapproving mother, Eleanor Young, played by Michelle Yeoh.

“Crazy Rich Asians” has a promising ensemble cast and many of the performers in this film are new, although there are some familiar faces, such as Ken Jeong (“The Hangover”) and Ronny Chieng (“The Daily Show”). The lead cast however, consists mostly of new actors and promising ones as that. The abundance of characters is impressive, but the screenplay still seems to be disengaging. The film has a lot going for it, and it starts to show its hidden talents towards the end. The first half of the film however, seems to go nowhere and has no purpose but to show rich people being ritzy and stuck up. There is little plot or character development for quite some time. The interesting part of the story doesn’t really kick in for a while, and when it does, it’s still not as unique or original as hoped.

From start to finish, “Crazy Rich Asians” is full of romcom stereotypes including, men with their shirts off, a disapproving parent, multiple proposals, cheesy humor, and romance on an airplane. The film may be enjoyable for some, but for those sick of the same romcom themes occurring over and over, “Crazy Rich Asians” isn’t going to be much help. Its got plenty of heart and humor for sure but isn’t as emotionally engaging as other similar films are, such as “Love, Actually” or “When Harry Met Sally”. It’s missing the flare that makes certain romcoms so loveable.

Plenty of the humor in “Crazy Rich Asians” falls flat as there are plenty of eyerolling jokes and gags that seem ridiculously out of place. There are funny moments here and there, but from a comedy standpoint “Crazy Rich Asians” doesn’t fulfill the need. The humor is one of the main reasons why moviegoers venture out to the theaters for the romcom genre and its absence in this film is a bigger hole than expected.

This new romcom has its moments and there some elements of the movie that can be very enjoyable. The only issue is that it doesn’t seem to stay that way. The inconsistencies make the film much less enjoyable than it could have been, which makes for an average and second-rate film. There are meaningful moments spread throughout the film about how money can distort the idea of what relationships should be like. Unfortunately, that message is overtaken by romcom stereotypes and disappointing humor.

That isn’t to say that “Crazy Rich Asians” isn’t an achievement as it’s the first film to star an entirely Asian cast. Its representation of Asian actors and actresses is extremely pivotal for the progression of diversity in film. Films like this open up more opportunities for certain races that have not been properly represented through film. There is still a long way to go for more diversity, but “Crazy Rich Asians” is an enormous step in the right direction.

Rated PG-13 for some suggestive content and language

The Meg

Jason Statham in The Meg (2018)It’s only tradition that every summer there needs to be the release of a ridiculous shark movie. Ever since Steven Spielberg’s masterpiece “Jaws”, production companies beg filmmakers to make action thrillers starring a shark as the main villain. They’re huge moneymakers, but sometimes their quality isn’t all that its built up to be. In recent years we got shark movies like “47 Meters Down” and “Sharknado”. They’re fun without a doubt, but how long will it take for the giant shark genre to hit rock bottom?

This summer, we received “The Meg” a movie about, as you can guess, a giant shark. Only this time, it’s bigger. The scientific name of the species of shark is Megaladon, a shark that can swallow many people at once in the single bite. When a team of scientists decide to dig deeper into the ocean, they open up a path for the prehistoric Megaladons to venture up, closer to human life. Now, it’s up to that team of scientists to fight the sharks as best they can. Although, it’s really only Jason Statham’s character who does anything noteworthy.

Statham plays Jonas Taylor, who once escaped the seventy-foot shark. He swore he would never return to the ocean, that is until he discovers that his ex-wife is trapped in the depths of the ocean being threatened by the presence of the Meg. That’s how Jonas gets into all the rest of the toothy business that continues from there. “The Meg” has a simple plot, but if you want some shark action and desire to see Jason Statham being Jason Statham, then this movie is for you.

What may drive more viewers to the theaters for this one, is Rainn Wilson, the star of the hit sitcom “The Office”. Be aware though, he isn’t at all like Dwight in “The Meg”. Wilson’s character goes through a bizarre turn that doesn’t seem to fit well with the rest of the movie, so if you’re seeing the movie for him, you may want to reconsider.

The shark action is plentiful but lacks some of the elements that make these types of films more enjoyable. Due to the poorly written screenplay, it’s difficult to care about any of the characters. The film also attempts to throw in a bizarre love triangle in the mix and it feels just as awkward as the movie’s premise. With more intriguing characters and better performances, “The Meg” would have stood a chance as one of the better shark films. Unfortunately, we got another average one, but one that still manages to entertain.

“The Meg” has plenty for audiences to laugh at, mostly its ridiculous shark sequences. Each action sequence gets more ridiculous than the last, that by the time the movie is almost towards the end of its runtime, you’ll be laughing at the movie whether you’re having a good time or not.  Ultimately though, “The Meg” lacks what makes films like “Jaws” so great. The film needs more layered characters, a much more intriguing story, and even more chomp.

Rated PG-13 for action/peril, bloody images and some language

Eighth Grade

Comedian and now writer/director Bo Burnham has created one of the most realistic and relatable films of the year so far. His directorial debut “Eighth Grade” is an outstanding achievement, ranking it up with the levels of Barry Jenkins’s “Moonlight” and Greta Gerwig’s “Lady Bird”. Elsie Fisher stars as Kayla, a shy Eighth grader who desires to make friends and survive the rest of her final year in middle school before moving on to high school. Through this, she learns the importance of being yourself, and more importantly about the process of growing up. Things can seem hopeless at that age, but once you get to know people and put yourself out there, its not as bad as it seems.

The film is beautiful in its own quirky little way. Its level of realism takes audiences right into Kayla’s life, and makes us empathetic through her character. She of course, goes through many ups and downs, just as any eighth grader does. Kayla experiences loads of anxiety and sadness, while also being an incredibly positive and lovable person. She gets nervous at pool parties, likes the stereotypical “bad boy” but cant seem to talk to him, and is constantly embarrassed by her father’s love for her. What kind of eighth grader doesn’t go through that type of stuff?

Elsie Fisher (fun fact: the voice of the youngest girl in “Despicable Me”) gives a relatable performance as Kayla, which will surely put her on the map for more indie films like this one. She conveys her character very well and delivers one of the finest young performances in recent years. Her performance is right up there with young performances like Jacob Trembly in “Room”, Milly Shapiro in “Hereditary” and Brooklyn Prince in “The Florida Project”.

Burnham’s debut is undoubtably funny and heartfelt from start to finish, with plenty of emotion and heartbreak thrown in the mix. Its screenplay is superbly well written by Bo Burnham, making for an excellent story, in addition to being an observational film that relies on realism more than plot. “Eighth Grade” is easily comparable to films like “Lady Bird” and “Moonlight”, both of which are coming of age stories produced by A24. The quality of Bo Burnham’s “Eighth Grade” is right up there with those recent masterpieces.

“Eighth Grade” is one of the most well-constructed movies of the year so far, with its impeccable direction and whimsical score. The performances have some clear talent behind them, and the finely directed central performance is enough of a reason to give the film some award recognition.

This sweet little coming of age story has a lot to it, but what’s most important to know is that it’ll give you all the feels. Just as Elsie experiences the ups and downs of eighth grade, so do we. The entire film is quite touching, and it will definitely make you smile.

Rated R for language and some sexual material

Mission: Impossible – Fallout

Tom Cruise, Alec Baldwin, Angela Bassett, Ving Rhames, Henry Cavill, Rebecca Ferguson, and Simon Pegg in Mission: Impossible - Fallout (2018)“Mission Impossible – Fallout” is one of the biggest surprises of the year. In this sixth addition to the series, Ethan Hunt (Tom Cruise) and his team must infiltrate the Apostles, an organization that plans on acquiring plutonium. The organization is being led by John Lark, Hunt’s main target. Matters are severely complicated when CIA agent August Walker (Henry Cavill) joins Ethan Hunt. It’s a relatively simple plot, but one that does not cease to entertain.

“Fallout” is one of the more thrilling films in the series. It’s filled with constant action that refuses to lets audiences’ eyes leave the screen. There are about seven or eight long action sequences throughout the film that stand out. There’s not much else to say about the action other than the fact that it’s completely kick-ass and nonstop, making “Mission Impossible – Fallout” one of the best action movies since 2015’s “Mad Max: Fury Road”. This comes as a bit of a surprise, as Tom Cruise-centered action films tend to be pretty “just ok”, but this is so far the best Tom Cruise thriller we’ve seen in quite come time.

What possibly made the action so great, was the fact that Cruise performed many of his own stunts, most notably the helicopter scene. While Tom Cruise performances can be hit or miss, his devotion to his character in this film in very notable. Cruise is very enjoyable in “Fallout” and is of his best action performances to date. His talents are very ranged as well as in the nineties, he gave us some stellar dramatic performances in “Rain Man”, “Magnolia”, and “Eyes Wide Shut”, while still giving Cruise fans what they want in movies like “Top Gun”. Now, he doesn’t perform in as many dramatic roles, but as long as he’s jumping from buildings, running from explosions, or hanging out of helicopters, then we’re happy.

Many characters have returned for this film from previous “Mission Impossible” movies. This includes Luther (Ving Rhames), Benji (Simon Pegg), Solomon Lane (Sean Harris), Ilsa Faust (Rebecca Ferguson), and Alan Hunley (Alec Baldwin). “Fallout” continues just a few years after the events of the previous installment “Mission Impossible – Rogue Nation”, so many of the characters are reprising their roles from that film. The characters are quite well-written in this installment, but this wouldn’t come as a surprise to those who saw the previous film. If you’re new to the franchise, its important to know that in addition to getting loads of thrilling action, the characters are also one reason to watch the film. Benji and Luther in particular have many great lines and are definitely the comic relief of the movie.

From the trailer, “Mission Impossible – Fallout” looks as though it may be similar to its predecessors. In a way it is, but in another way, it stands out as one of the most action-packed movies in recent years and is definitely the most thrilling film of 2018 so far, and yes, that’s including “Avengers: Infinity War” and “Black Panther”.

Rated PG-13 for violence and intense sequences of action, and for brief strong language